Letter writing became a fad at the time, and paperweights were sold as an attractive accessory to desk sets of pens, inkwells and blotters and stationery. Fads come and fads go, however, and the demand for paperweights was satisfied by, and their production sharply fell off as French glass factories went on to make higher profit items. American paperweights were manufactured from 1851, into the 1880s, by the boston and Sandwich Glass Company, and the new England Glass Company and more rarely by dorflinger, mount Washington, and Gillinder. The glassmakers were mainly european immigrants already skilled in the techniques, which explains why American weights are somewhat imitative of the european. American glassworkers were not as constrained or regimented, needed so their weights sometimes lack the quality and precision of the French. What American weights may have lacked in quality, they more than made up for in creativity and ingenuity. This makes them even more charming and desirable to collectors.
These became very popular because of the victorian language of flowers in which flowers were used to convey covert messages. In this way, a plan paperweight with a simple flower could be given to a friend that carried a message of friendship, but a different flower could be given to a lover carrying a message of love. History: When, where and why were they made. Glass paperweights were first made in 1845 by venetian glassmakers to be shown at a trade fair in vienna. The French representatives saw these pretty objects and their glassmakers proceeded to capture the market with their more precise work. Antique clichy close concentric millefiori with pink and white rose canes. The French factories of Baccarat, Clichy and saint louis made the finest paperweights.
There are three basic types of paperweights. The first type, termed sulphides, features molded ceramic plaques, usually with the profile in bas-relief, of a person to be commemorated. These were followed by the millefiori (Italian, meaning thousand flowers) designs of colorful glass canes in geometric patterns. The millefiori technique had been around for almost 2,000 years, but had been used previously only to decorate glass plates, vessels and jewelry. Antique baccarat yellow camomile with two red buds, encircled by a garland of millefiori canes, on a clear ground with star cut base. The lampwork weights include sculpted lifelike single flowers and bouquets, or animals made of glass. Many of these look so lifelike that they are often thought to be real.
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Antique baccarat closepack millefiori, with Gridel silhouette canes. Paperweights are surprisingly precise wonders to behold. When you hold a fine paperweight in your hand, feel its silky smoothness and cool weight, and then gaze into the clear glass-magnifying dome, there is an undefined but undeniable magic. You are absorbed into it, mesmerized by its precision and beauty. Antique baccarat spaced concentric complex millefiori, with 10 Gridel silhouette canes on an upset muslin ground.
The respected author, historian and collector of fine art, paul Hollister, said about paperweights, They cry out for a recognized place in the hierarchy of beautiful objects made by man. The finest of them, created by true and great artists, rank with the finest illuminated manuscripts, the bronzes of Cellini, the boxes of Fabergè, or the portraits of the greatest best of the miniaturists. The former director of the corning Museum of Glass, Dwight Lanmon said, They are the crown jewels for collectors. Lanmon also said, paperweights represent the culmination of 3,500 years of glassmaking artistry and experimentation. Paperweight definition and types, the paperweight format is usually solid glass, circular (about 3 inches in diameter) with a flat base, and an interior design encased in a hemispheric dome of clear crystal to provide weight, protect, preserve and magnify the fragile internal design. Antique baccarat close concentric shamrocks and millefiori, with outer spaced concentric ring of 14 moth canes on an upset muslin ground.
Large size: Just over 2 11/16" diameter by just over 1 5/8" high. The rose colored base is ground flat. Signature: The weight is engraved "baccarat 1953" on the side near the base. . The sulphide is signed with an incised "G. Poillerat" on the edge. Condition: Very good condition. .
The only damage found was a pinprick on the dome (marked with an arrow in one of the pictures) and scratches on the base (shown in another picture). For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: Large picture of the paperweight, close-up view. Profile view, base, baccarat 1955 engraved on side near base. Poillerat incised on sulphide, pinprick on dome, sold. Click on the picture to see a larger image. Collectors of antique glass paperweights rightly consider their pursuit to be the one of the worlds best-kept secrets. Most antique paperweights were made by one of three french factories, as a sideline, for just 10-15 years in the mid-1800s, and most collectors agree that only about 30,000-50,000 remain today. With many being tightly held by museums, only a precious few remain on the market.
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Armed with this knowledge, brocard was influential in the needed revival of paperweight making at Baccarat in the 1950s. . louis Idoux is recorded review as making the baccarat pansy paperweights during the period. In 1952, paul jokelson approached Baccarat with the idea of making sulphide paperweights again. . In 1953 Baccarat resumed paperweight production with a series of sulphide paperweights the first of which were the unsuccessful Eisenhower sulphide followed by the queen Elizabeth coronation sulphide. . Millefiori paperweight production was resumed in 1957 and lampwork paperweights were re-introduced in the early 1970s. . Baccarat stopped making this type of fine glass paperweights in 2002. You can read more about the baccarat paperweights in the new book, baccarat Paperweights - two centuries of beauty by paul Dunlop or one of the older books on paperweights in general, such. The Encyclopedia of Glass Paperweights by paul Hollister or, world Paperweights by, robert Hall.
These paperweights were sold at a baccarat retail shop in Paris. . No collector or sch olar ever met. Dupont although at least one visited the possession baccarat factory and asked to meet with him. . The weights stopped appearing in the shop in 1934. New research of the baccarat archives has identified the actual makers during the dupont period as Joseph boyé (1877-1948)and louis Idoux (1882-1941). . boyé is recorded as the maker of millefiori canes and millefiori paperweights during this period (1920-1934). . Very little is known about. Boyé, but there is enough similarity in the millefiori canes to suggest that he had access to the original molds or some of the original millefiori canes from the classic period. . he later trained another glassworker, georges Brocard, to make open concentric paperweights in 1946. .
periods of Baccarat paperweight production. Classic period Dupont period Modern period, this classification is definitely an over simplification. . The best millefiori and lampwork paperweights were made during the classic period (1845-1860). . Baccarat continued to make paperweights after the classic period, but little is known about the extent of the product line or who made the paperweights. . What is known is that by 1910, the offering in the catalog had dwindled to pansy paperweights, simple open concentric paperweights, and rock paperweights. . Popular lore attributes Baccarat paperweights to. Dupont, who supposedly was the last worker at Baccarat to know the secrets of paperweight making. .
This paperweight was the first 20th century production sulphide made by baccarat and marked the return of Baccarat to the production of paperweights. As with most Baccarat sulphides of this period, the coronation sulphide was issued with a number of overlays twist and different base treatments. . There were 195 overlays (rose and white and blue and white) and 1,492 non-overlay weights, of which only 180 had a uncut rose colored base like this example. Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass. . They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted. . The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture. . The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist. . Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself.
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Glass Paperweights for Sale at oliver Online auction buy rare Glass Paperweights. Want to learn more about online auctions? Take a quick tour no, thanks, get alerts on future glass paperweights for sale ». Sort By: Auction Date: soonest FirstAuction Date: Furthest FirstNumber of Bids: Fewest FirstNumber of Bids: Most Firstbuy now: Recently Addedbuy now Price: High to lowbuy now Price: Low to high. Per page: 60120180, per page: 60120180, next. Baccarat 1953 queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip Sulphide coronation Sulphide paperweight with Rose base. This modern sulphide paperweight features a three dimensional figure of queen Elizabeth ii and Prince Philip. . The sulphide figure was modeled by gilbert poillerat and is signed at the base of the sulphide with an incised "G. It was issued to commemorate the coronation of the queen on June 2, 1953.