And his heart laughed, he relished the sight, Intended to tear the life from summary those bodies by morning; the monsters mind was hot With the thought of food and the feasting his belly would soon know. But fate, that night, intended Grendel to gnaw the broken bones Of his last human supper. Human eyes were watching his evil steps, waiting to see his swift hard claws12. Grendel snatched at the first geat he came to, ripped him apart, cut His body to bits with powerful jaws, Drank the blood from his veins and bolted Him down, hands and feet; death And Grendels great teeth came together, Snapping life shut. Then he stepped to another Still body, clutched at beowulf with his claws, Grasped at a strong-hearted wakeful sleeper —And was instantly seized himself, claws Bent back as beowulf leaned up on one arm. That shepherd of evil, guardian of crime, knew at once that nowhere on earth Had he met a man whose hands were harder; His mind was flooded with fear—but nothing could take his talonsand himself from that tight Hard grip. Grendels one thought was to run From beowulf, flee back to his marsh and hide there: This was a different Herot than the hall he had emptied.
Beowulf reiterates his intent to fight Grendel without a sword and, while his followers sleep, lies waiting, eager for Grendel to appear. Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty hills and bogs, bearing Gods hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill11 Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. He moved quickly through the cloudy night, Up from his swampland, sliding silently toward that gold-shining hall. He had visited Hrothgars Home before, knew the way— but never, before nor after that night, found Herot defended so firmly, his reception so harsh. He journeyed, forever joyless, Straight to the door, then snapped it homework open, tore its iron fasteners with a touch And rushed angrily over the threshold. He strode quickly across the inlaid Floor, snarling and fierce: his eyes Gleamed in the darkness, burned with a gruesome light. Then he stopped, seeing the hall Crowded with sleeping warriors, stuffed With rows of young soldiers resting together.
Danes and visiting geats Celebrated as one, drank and rejoiced. 143cousin: in this case, used broadly to mean any relative. 171linden: made from the wood of a linden tree. Cultural History gold Early Anglo-saxons led simple, nomadic lives. Their only luxury was gold. This precious metal was hoarded, melted down, and taken along wherever they went. Gold was a precious commodity then, as it is today. Wayland: The inheritance is the armor that wayland, a blacksmith of Germanic legend, forged for Hrethel, beowulfs grandfather and former king of the geats. The battle with Grendel After the banquet, Hrothgar and his followers leave herot, and beowulf and his warriors remain to spend the night.
Beowulf, celebration (Lines 8371250 summary
Then he traveled across the read curving waves to the land of the danes. I was new to the throne, then, a young man ruling this wide kingdom and its golden city: Hergar, my older brother, a far better man Than i, had died and dying made me, second among healfdanes sons, first wish In this nation. I bought the end of Edgethos quarrel, sent ancient treasures through the oceans Furrows to the wulfings; your father swore hed keep that peace. My tongue grows heavy, and my heart, when I try to tell you what Grendel Has brought us, the damage hes done, here In this hall. You see for yourself how much smaller9 Our ranks have become, and can guess what weve lost to his terror.
Surely the lord Almighty could stop his madness, smother his lust! How many times have my men, glowing With courage drawn from too many cups Of ale, sworn to stay after dark And stem that horror with a sweep of their swords. And then, in the morning, this mead-hall glittering With new light would be drenched with blood, the benches Stained red, the floors, all wet from that fiends savage assault—and my soldiers would be fewer Still, death taking more and more. But to table, beowulf, a banquet in your honor: Let us toast your victories, and talk of the future.10 Then Hrothgars men gave places to the geats, yielded benches to the brave visitors And led them to the feast. The keeper of the mead Came carrying out the carved flasks, And poured that bright sweetness. A poet Sang, from time to time, in a clear Pure voice.
I swam In the blackness of night, hunting monsters Out of the ocean, and killing them one by one; death was my errand and the fate They had earned. Now Grendel and i are called7 Together, and ive come. Grant me, then, lord and protector of this noble place, a single request! I have come so far, Oh shelterer of warriors and your peoples loved friend, That this one favor you should not refuse me— that i, alone and with the help of my men, may purgeall evil from this hall. I have heard8, too, that the monsters scorn of men Is so great that he needs no weapons and fears none. My lord Higlac Might think less of me if I let my sword go where my feet were afraid to, if I hid Behind some broad linden shield: my hands Alone shall fight for me, struggle for life Against the monster.
God must decide Who will be given to deaths cold grip. Grendels plan, i think, will be What it has been before, to invade this hall And gorgehis belly with our bodies. If he can, If he can. And I think, if my time will have come, therell be nothing to mourn over, no corpse to prepare for its grave: Grendel will carry our bloody Flesh to the moors, crunch on our bones And smear torn scraps of our skin on the walls. No, i expect no danes Will fret about sewing our shrouds, if he wins. And if death does take me, send the hammered mail of my armor to higlac, return The inheritance i had from Hrethel, and he From wayland. Fate will unwind as it must! Hrothgar replied, protector of the danes: beowulf, youve come to us in friendship, and because Of the reception your father found at our court. Edgetho had begun a bitter feud, killing Hathlaf, a wulfing warrior: your fathers countrymen were afraid of war, If he returned to his home, and they turned him away.
Beowulf, lesson Plans
Then Wulfgar went to the door and addressed The waiting seafarers with soldiers words: my lord, the great king of the danes, commands me to tell you that he knows of your make noble birth And that having come to him from over the open sea. Now go to him as you are, in your armor and helmets, but leave your battle-shields here, and your spears, let them lie waiting for the promises your words may make. Beowulf arose, with his men Around him, ordering a few to remain With their weapons, leading the others quickly Along under Herots steep roof into Hrothgars Presence. Standing on that princes own hearth, helmeted, the silvery metal of his mail shirt Gleaming with a smiths high art, he greeted The danes great lord: hail, Hrothgar! Higlac is my cousin and my king; the days Of my youth have been filled with glory. Now Grendels Name has echoed in our land: sailors have brought us stories of Herot, the best Of all mead-halls, deserted and useless when the moon Hangs in skies the sun had lit, light and life fleeing together. My people have said, the wisest, most knowing And best of them, that my duty was to go to the danes Great king. They have seen my strength for themselves, have watched me rise from the darkness of war, Dripping with my enemies blood. I drove five great giants into chains, chased All of that race from the earth.
73 reparation: payment or action done to make amends for fishing a wrong or an injury. 105 healfdanes son: Hrothgar. 110111 Higlacs Follower: Higlac, king of the geats, is beowulfs uncle. Higlacs follower, then, refers to beowulf. 124 prow: the bow, or forwardmost part of a ship. Beowulf and his men sail over the sea to the land of the danes to offer help to Hrothgar. They are escorted by a danish guard to herot, where wulfgar, one of Hrothgars soldiers, tells the king of their arrival. Hrothgar knows of beowulf and is ready to welcome the young prince and his men.
production of young by fish, amphibians, or other water-dwelling creatures. 21Cain: According to the bible (Genesis 4:8 cain, the eldest son of Adam and eve, murdered his brother, Abel. 40lair: den of a wild animal. Writers Technique kennings The author uses kennings throughout this poem. A kenning is an imaginative metaphorical phrase used in place of a simple noun. For example, mankinds enemy (line 79) and that shadow of death (line 74) are kennings that refer to Grendel.
Follower and the strongest of the geats—greater. And stronger than anyone anywhere in this world—. Heard how Grendel filled nights with horror. And quickly commanded a boat fitted out, Proclaiming that hed go to essay that famous king, would sail across the sea to Hrothgar, now when help was needed. Of the wise ones regretted his going, much. As he was loved by the geats: the omens were good, And they urged the adventure. Chose the mightiest men he could find, The bravest and best of the geats, fourteen.
SparkNotes : beowulf : Themes)
Home, random Page, categories: biology, chemistry, construction, culture. Ecology, economy, electronics, finance, geography, history, informatics. Law, mathematics, mechanics, medicine, other, pedagogy, best philosophy. Physics, policy, psychology, sociology, sport, tourism, so the living sorrow of healfdanes son. Simmered, bitter and fresh, and no wisdom. Or strength could break it: that agony hung. On king and people alike, harsh. And unending, violent and cruel, and evil. In his far-off home beowulf, higlacs.