Bailey writes with an eye toward a right-wing political agenda. Perhaps these hateful politically-charged claims about transgendered women, other women, gays, latinas and Blacks are all true. Perhaps we should celebrate baileys honesty for bringing these painful facts into the open. Yet as already mentioned, baileys claims are inaccurate, and so the source of the problem might lie somehow in his plan data. So, what does bailey have to offer scientifically, leaving aside his pejorative rhetoric? Bailey has no data, none at all. He offers no surveys, no data tables, no statistics, nothing. He doesnt give the sample size for the study" he refers to occasionally.
And he winds up raising the specter of eugenics, i certainly have no motive to change gay people or prevent them from being born." (p 113) These disclaimers are disingenuous. Bailey is setting the stage for others to advocate the persecution of gays from a scientific perspective. This tack was used when setting up a biological argument for racially cleansing the Aryan race of Jews in nazi germany. His work is cited by homophobic groups such as narth (National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality a group dedicated to curing homosexuality with so-called reparative treatments. One of baileys few favorable reviews is a homophobic piece in the national review by john Derbyshire, also a national Academies Press author (June shakespeare 30, 2003). According to derbyshire, conservatives remember. The aids plague spread in this country mainly by promiscuous homosexual buggery and the sacred texts of all three major Western monotheistic faiths proscribe homosexuality in unambiguous terms, a claim incidentally, that is mistaken.
The problems that gay men are most susceptible to-eating disorders, depression, and anxiety disorders-are the same problems that women also suffer from disproportionately" (p. 82) he continues, learning why gay men are more easily depressed than straight men might tell us why women are also." (p. 83) Then he piously states, nothing I have written means that we should again consider it a mental illness. The problems are being. Whereas homosexuality, per se, is not a problem." (p. 83) Furthermore, gay men will always have more sex partners than straight people. Those who are attached will be less sexually monogamous." (p. 100) Then he follows with another pious disclaimer, social conservatives will view this prediction as tantamount to an admission of the inferiority of the gay male lifestyle, but it is not." (p.
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He writes, about 60 percent of the homosexual transsexuals and story drag queens we studied were latina or Black." (p. 183, no sample size given.) bailey noticed the large number of Latina transsexuals" (p. 183) and offered a conjecture that Hispanic people might have more transsexual genes than other ethnic groups." (p. 183-184) From a transgender perspective, the prospects for rapprochement seem remote. Were scratching our heads wondering where such outlandish descriptions have come from. Whether say, 25 men hang themselves each year wearing panties is irrelevant to how tens of thousands of transgendered people live their lives. How could bailey have mischaracterized a whole subpopulation so incorrectly?
His writing is hate speech, detached from reality, and yet advertised as science and published by the national Academies. Bailey also attacks gays and women. About gays, bailey writes, the brains of homosexual people may be mosaics of male and female parts. This mixture explains much of what is unique in gay men's culture and lives." (p. 60) bailey goes on to claim that gay men have tended to have more of certain psychological problems than straight men" (p. 81.) The disease of being gay is the disease of being a woman. Gay men's pattern of susceptibility to mental problems reflects their femininity.
184—185, 191) bailey gathers steam when turning to his other type of transsexual, those with a condition he calls autogynephilia, (pronounced Otto-guy-nuh-feel-ee-ya (p. 164) a type of paraphilia. Unusual sexual preferences that include autogynephilia, masochism, sadism, exhibitionism. Necrophilia, bestiality, and pedophilia. Paraphelias tend to go together.
The best established link is between autogynephilia and masochism. There is a dangerous masochistic practice called autoerotic asphyxia in which a man strangles himself, usually by hanging, for sexual reasons. Perhaps about 100 American men per year dies this way. About one-fourth of the time, these men are found wearing some article of women's clothing, such as panties. Although most autogynephiles are not sexual sadists, they are more likely to be sadists compared with men who are not autogynephilic." (pp. 171-172) so according to bailey, all transsexual women can be placed in either of two categories, one predisposed to prostitution and the other likely to be sexual sadists. No transgendered woman can read baileys characterization and emerge with their dignity intact. Baileys account is racist.
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So, the initial dilemma faced by transgendered women was to discern how bailey went wrong, why so far off course, and perhaps try to lend some accuracy to his account. As the two"tions above already suggest, bailey uses sensational and pejorative language. Bailey writes, prostitution is the single most common occupation that homosexual transsexuals in our study admitted. Juanita is a very attractive postoperative transsexual who has worked as a call girl both before and since her operation. She does not feel degraded and guilty about what she does for a living. I suspect that this reflects an aspect of her psychology that has remained male. Her ability to enjoy emotionally meaningless sex appears male-typical. In this sense homosexual transsexuals might be especially suited to prostitution Homosexual transsexuals. Lust after men." (p.writing
To illustrate attractiveness, bailey writes of one, she was stunning. My avowedly heterosexual male research assistant told me he would gladly have had sex with her, even knowing she still possessed a penis." (p. 182) In contrast, bailey writes of the cross-dressing variety, termed autogynephilic by Blanchard, There is no way to say this as sensitively as I would prefer, for so i will just go ahead. Most homosexual transsexuals are much better looking than most autogynephilic transsexuals." (p 180) bailey profiles the cross-dressing transsexual as an older woman who comes out relatively late in life, is unattractive, and is sexually oriented to women. From a transgender perspective, baileys claim that all transgendered women match one of these two profiles is clearly counterfactual. Many transgendered women come out late in life and yet are sexually oriented to men, many come out early in life and yet are oriented to women, many who are oriented to women are attractive nonetheless, many have changed direction of sexual orientation when they. Transgendered women also encompass heterogeneity in occupation, presentation, temperament, sexual history, and ethnicity. Furthermore, transgendered people are not as fixated on sex as bailey evidently. The need to locate in the social and occupational space of ones gender identity, to live as a woman, is a stronger motivation for many transgendered women than is attaining sexual pleasure.
sexology in Europe, many manifestations of gender and sexuality variance have been distinguished. Then 20 years ago, the psychologist, ray blanchard of the Clarke institute in Toronto, tried to argue that all varieties of gender/sexuality variance could be boiled down to the two classes that bailey is trying to resurrect. Sexologists have not signed on to the Blanchard scheme. Bailey, upset about this, disparages his colleagues by writing, Blanchard's ideas have not yet received the widespread attention they deserve, in large part because sex researchers are not as scholarly as they should." (p. 176) Initial reaction to baileys book was disappointment that no new ideas were proposed. Baileys elaboration of Blanchards two categories seems dubious on its face. Bailey profiles the homosexual transsexual as a young woman who comes out relatively early in life, is attractive, and is sexually oriented to men.
On National Academies letterhead, a books advertisement reads: gay, straight, or lying? Science has the Answer and movie conclusions promised that may not always be politically correct, but are scientifically accurate, thoroughly researched and occasionally startling.". Published by the national Academies, and written by michael bailey, professor and chair of the psychology department at Northwestern University, the title alone is considered inflammatory, the man Who would be queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism. Transgendered people, outraged by the book, by the national Academies leadership, and by academic psychologists uncritical stance, have launched an unprecedented counterattack. The national Academies leadership as well as the author profess to be surprised by the continuing dispute. This dispute wont go away. The book isnt an isolated instance of poor and prejudicial scholarship. The outrage of transgendered people against bailey coincides with that of other scholars against psychologists who write about gender while pretending to be scientific.
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Home, menno ter Braak. Psychology perverted. Michael bailey: An Essay by joan roughgardenThe bailey affair. The, bailey affair: Psychology perverted, by joan roughgarden, department of help biological Sciences. Stanford University, february 11, 2004, e-mail joan, printable pdf file. These psychologists dont seek to help people, but to dominate them by controlling the definition of normalcy. Their bogus categories and made-up diseases are intended to subordinate, not to describe." - joan roughgarden, a long-simmering dispute pitting psychologists against others in academe has now boiled into public attention, receiving coverage in the. Chronicle of Higher, education, sciencenow, the, associated Press and the, chicago.