Many languages, like ours, use an alphabet - symbols that indicate the way words sound. Other writing systems use symbols to show what words mean as well. The Chinese writing system uses characters that indicate both sound and meaning. Three kinds of symbols are used to write japanese: Kanji Thousands of characters borrowed from Chinese writing, each with a different meaning Hiragana 46 "smooth" style phonetic symbols used for inflected endings, grammatical particles and other Japanese words Katakana 46 "block" style phonetic symbols used. These Chinese characters, called kanji in Japanese, are also called pictographs because they indicate meanings as well as sounds. The way that Japanese use Chinese pictographs to write their reviews own language is a good example of Japanese ingenuity in adapting elements of other cultures to enhance their own. How would you go about writing English with Chinese pictographs?
The very words - verbs, nouns, pronouns, and adjectives - often change, too. A person will use a different word for father, for example, when speaking mattress to him and when speaking about him to someone else. These changes reflect the relationship between people, and their relative social positions. To address someone correctly, you must know his or her status in the society - that is, his or her position in a school or company, age, or relationship to you. This is an important way in which the language influences how people think about one another. Of course, japanese children learn all these things we consider difficult naturally, as we learn the many difficult aspects of English. The Written Language All languages were spoken before they were written. Ways of recording words and ideas were invented in only a few places in the world, and over many millenia were altered to adapt to many diverse languages.
Although Japanese is not difficult for Americans to pronounce, it is often difficult for us to learn to speak well, because it is unlike english in almost every way. The sentence structure is different, as you can see in this simple sentence: I bought a book yesterday. Kinô watakushi wa hon o kaimashita (yesterday) (I) (subject indicator) (book) (object indicator) (bought) even parts of speech are different, as you can see. "I" is still a pronoun, and "book" a noun, but Japanese has particles, like wa and o, that indicate how words are related, a device which is absent in English. Often the subject of the sentence, such as "I" ( watakushi wa ) is left out, and distinctions between the singular and plural are rarely made, so sentences may seem ambiguous to English speakers. As in English, verbs change to show tense, but so do adjectives, because japanese is an inflected language. But one of the greatest differences has to do with levels of politeness. People speak differently depending on the person they are talking to, or talking about. A high-school student uses different forms to speak to the class teacher than when speaking to classmates, and the forms used by boy and girl students are slightly different, too.
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Fortunately, these words are not difficult for us to pronounce. When Japanese is written in the roman alphabet, each letter stands for a single sound. The vowel sounds are pronounced: a as in f a ther i as in m ee t u as in r u de e as in s a y o as in g o, the basic units of the japanese writing system are syllables. Standard Japanese uses 100 distinct syllables. Of these, 5 are single vowels, 62 are consonants combined with a vowel, and 53 are consonants combined with 'y' plus a vowel.
Syllables of Japanese wa ra ya ma pa ba ha na da ta za sa ga ka a - ri - mi pi bi hi ni - chi ji shi gi ki i - ru yu mu pu bu hu nu - tsu. Â, ô, û the sound is the same, but held longer - it is doubled. So "tôkyô" is pronounced "to-o kyo-o and "shôgun" is pronounced "sho-o gun." Notice that several English sounds are missing from the japanese language entirely: "c "f birds "l "q "v and "x." When Japanese want to represent these sounds, they have to use japanese syllables that. For example, to pronounce the country name "France japanese say "Huransu." Another difference between English and Japanese is that Japanese syllables are never accented. Americans often say either hi ro shima or Hiro shi ma, but Japanese say hiroshima.
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Writing can make you a part time income online and all you have to do is breathe by peter. Giblett wikinut guides writing pay attention to moderator Comments to Improve your Writing on wikinut How many writers read their publication (or even rejection) notifications? You should if you wish to improve as a writer because they can contain many nuggets of useful information. It is not simply the notices from the moderation system you should take notice of, but also those provi. The language people speak influences how they think about many things. To the japanese people, their language is one of the ways they define their nationality. For example, while English is the national language of many nations and peoples in the world today, and many more people use it as an international language, japanese is spoken almost exclusively in Japan or by japanese living abroad. So in one sense, a japanese is a person who is brought up speaking Japanese. The Spoken Language, as we learn about Japan, we learn many words to describe events, ideas, or objects having to do with the country and its culture.
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people using san (except for family members sama or senpai, you also have to use polite expressions with them. You can talk informally when addressing someone who has san or kun or no title after their name. If you really dont know which form to use, then use san! It will be acceptable in most cases. you might also like). By, retired, wikinut guides writing you and your education two different resources that aide in moving you forward. By, funom makama, wikinut guides writing, how to expose your Script And movie ideas to top Hollywood Film makers As An Unknown Screenwriting Talent. You may have the talent to write great scripts, great stories and ideas that can shake the word, but you still need the needed connection to sell such ideas.
Samais another common title, which shows respect to the person whom you are talking or writing. For example, customer-sama, prince-sama or 3 people-sama (when a waitress talks to a customer). Its not used for friends (or for friends as a joke) because its a formal way of addressing people. Chan andkun are informal words to attach to the name of friends or younger people. Chan is for girls and kun for boys. With close friends, we are excused from using this and address them without any titles or by nickname. In essay addition, chan is also used to call something cute or pretty: Kitty-chan (Hello kitty akachan (baby). In schools or in work places, whenever addressing upper grade students or older people, younger people are requested to attach senpai to the older persons name. Unless asked not to use that form, younger people always have to remember to use.
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In Japan, its important to know about honorific titles. Its similar. In English, but we attach the titles after either peoples first name or family name. The most typical one is san. Its used for both male and female, generally for older people or people who are new to you. In schools, its used only for girls to distinguish between boys and girls who have the same family name. Its commonly used in many situations, including when writing addressing family members, or addressing someone with their occupational title, like driver-san, sales clerk-san or station worker-san. Incidentally, winnie the pooh is called pooh-san!