Not only do hybrids run cleaner than gasoline, but they also have better gas mileage. And those are just the environmental benefits. Other benefits, such as tax credits and a higher resale value, are financial. The statement with not onlybut also uses inversion in the first clause, not only do hybrids run cleaner than gasoline. And it follows the auxiliary verb subject main verb construction. The negative phrase not only appears first, followed by do, then the subject hybrid cars then the main verb run. In the second clause, which has but also, there is no inversion. This is the structure to follow when using inversion for not onlybut also.
Notice also that there are two clauses in this statement, and the relative clause who are found guilty does not use inversion. In addition to negative adverbs, there are also many negative phrases that use inversion. Some examples are phrases like not onlybut also not until and not since. Unlike for negative adverbs, which can go anywhere in a sentence, for some negative phrases, inversion is a requirement, not a choice. Now, lets look at restaurant not onlybut also. It often uses inversion, but that is only required when the not only part begins the statement. Using Not onlybut also shows that something has more than one quality or has done more than one action, where the action or quality after but also is especially notable. In academic writing, this phrase can be effective for making an argument. Heres an example in a persuasive essay about automobiles: There are a number of advantages to owning a hybrid car.
These are very common in essay writing and on the toefl. For these, the negative word or term almost always begins the statement. Think back to my statement with the negative adverb never. In addition to never, you can use inversion with the negative adverbs rarely, seldom, hardly and scarcely. Listen to the following sentence, a factual statement one might find in an essay: Punishment is rarely severe for attackers who are found guilty. It is a well-written statement that does not use inversion. But if we wanted to note how rare it is for attackers to be punished severely, we could move the negative adverb rarely. Listen for the inversion in this reworded statement: Rarely is punishment severe for attackers who are found guilty. Putting rarely first makes the point more striking.
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Todays viewers want fire business to watch their programs on-demand. And, they often binge - watch whole series, whether on cable tv or the Internet. Did you find the inversion? It begins with the word Gone. But that statement has more than one clause in it, which is very common in English. Gone are the days is the main clause. The other is a relative clause: when American families would gather around a television program at its scheduled time.
Notice that the relative clause does not use inversion. Often, statements that use inversion contain more than one clause and only one of the clauses contains inversion. You will also notice that there was only one inversion in the example. Inversion is something that you should avoid overusing. Negative adverbs, now, lets move to inversions involving a negative word or phrase.
Another reason for learning inversion is that examples appear on the toefl, or Test of English as a foreign Language. How inversion works, getting word order right in inversion is important. So, lets start there. There are two ideas worth remembering: The first is that many types of inversion use the auxiliary verb subject main verb word order. Auxiliary verbs such as be, do and have - are verbs that help form a verb tense, mood or voice of main verbs. The second is that inversion usually puts the thing we want to emphasize at the beginning of the sentence.
One example might be the adverb never in my earlier statement. Intro, ed, one type of inversion common both in academic writing and on the toefl is starting a statement with the past participle. In this inversion, the word order is past participle be subject. Listen to the following reading about television viewership in the United States. Then try to find the inversion. Gone are the days when American families would gather around a television program at its scheduled time.
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We use inversion to add emphasis to statements and variety to our writing. Inversion can makes our sentences sound surprising or striking or unusual, writes seonaid dissertation Beckwich. She is founder of the website. But inversion is not for everyday speech. English speakers use it in formal statements, and most often in writing, such as in essays and works of literature. And, it is only done with some words and phrases. There are more than 15 types of inversion, but only some are used in academic good writing. Today we will show you how to use a few types. When used the right way, inversion can strengthen points and make your writing more memorable.
In English, the traditional word order of a statement is subject verb. Never do we change the order except when asking a question. If you listened closely, you may have noticed that my statement beginning with the word never failed to follow the usual order. I put the auxiliary verb do before the subject you and the main verb know after the subject. Using this word order in statements is called inversion.
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